# Euler-related sums

- Anthony Sofo
^{1}Email author### Affiliated with

**6**:10

**DOI: **10.1186/2251-7456-6-10

© Sofo; licensee Springer. 2012

**Received: **10 April 2012

**Accepted: **9 July 2012

**Published: **9 July 2012

Original research

- Anthony Sofo
^{1}Email author### Affiliated with

Mathematical Sciences2012**6**:10

**DOI: **10.1186/2251-7456-6-10

© Sofo; licensee Springer. 2012

**Received: **10 April 2012

**Accepted: **9 July 2012

**Published: **9 July 2012

The purpose of this paper is to develop a set of identities for Euler type sums of products of harmonic numbers and reciprocal binomial coefficients.

We use analytical methods to obtain our results.

We obtain identities for variant Euler sums of the type , and its finite counterpart, which generalize some results obtained by other authors.

Identities are successfully achieved for the sums under investigation. Some published results have been successfully generalized.

In the spirit of Euler, we shall investigate the summation of some variant Euler sums. In common terminology, let, as usual,

be the ^{
nth} harmonic number, *γ* denotes the Euler-Mascheroni constant,
is the digamma function and
is the well-known gamma function. Let also,
and
denote, respectively, the sets of real, complex and natural numbers. A generalized binomial coefficient
may be defined by

and in the special case when
we have

where

recently, Chen [2] obtained

and in [4],

(2)

where
denotes the *generalized n*
^{
th
}
*harmonic number* in power *r* defined by

We study, in this paper,
and its finite counterpart. Analogous results of Euler type for infinite series have been developed by many authors, see for example [5, 6] and references therein. Many finite versions of harmonic number sum identities also exist in the literature, for example in [7], we have

and in [8],

Also, from the study of Prodinger [9],

Further work in the summation of harmonic numbers and binomial coefficients has also been done by Sofo [10]. The works of [11–17] and references therein also investigate various representations of binomial sums and zeta functions in a simpler form by the use of the beta function and by means of certain summation theorems for hypergeometric series.

Let *n* and *r* be positive integers. Then we have

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

From the definition of harmonic numbers and the digamma function,

and Equation 3 follows. From the double argument identity of the digamma function

using Equation 3 and rearranging, we obtain Equation 4. For Equation 5, we first note that for an arbitrary sequence
, the following identity holds:

hence,

so that

replacing the counter, we obtain Equation 6. □

We now prove the two following theorems:

Let
Then we have

(8)

Let
and consider the following expansion:

Now,

(9)

where

(10)

For an arbitrary positive sequence
, the following identity holds:

hence, from Equations 4 and 9,

Since we notice that

we get

Now,

substituting Equation 7 and simplifying, we have

hence, the identity (Equation 8) follows. □

From Equation 8 and using Equations 3 and 4, we obtain the results,

(11)

and

(12)

We can use Equations 3 and 4 and also note that

(13)

From the rearrangement of and Equation 1, we can obtain Equation 11; and from the rearrangement of and Equation 13, we can obtain Equation 12. □

For *k*=3 and 5,

Now, we consider the following finite version of Theorem 1:

Let *k*,
Then we have

(14)

To prove Equation 14, we may write

Substituting Equation 7 into Equation 15 and after simplification, Equation 14 follows. □

Let
Then we obtain

(16)

and

(17)

It is straightforward to show that

(18)

then rearranging Equation 14 and using Equation 18, we obtain Equation 16. Rearranging Equation 14 and using Equation 2, we obtain Equation 17. □

Some examples are

and

The author has generalized some results on variant Euler sums and specifically obtained identities for and its finite counterpart.

Analytical techniques have been employed in the analysis of our results. We have used many relations of the polygamma functions together with results of reordering of double sums and partial fraction decomposition.

Professor Anthony Sofo is a Fellow of the Australian Mathematical Society.

The author is grateful to an anonymous referee for the careful reading of the manuscript.

(1)

Victoria University College, Victoria University

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© Sofo; licensee Springer. 2012

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